Balancing Act: How AI/ML Can Both Aid and Obstruct Threat Hunting

Threat hunting has become a vital part of an organization’s defense strategy. As attackers employ increasingly sophisticated methods, defenders must proactively search for hidden threats before they become catastrophic issues. In this pursuit, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning (AI/ML) are both hailed as saviors and scrutinized for potential shortcomings. In this article, we will explore how AI/ML can both help and hinder threat hunting, and why tools like Cyborg Security’s HUNTER Platform, which emphasizes human intelligence, remain indispensable.

The AI/ML Promise in Threat Hunting

AI/ML offers a broad spectrum of advantages in the realm of threat hunting. Here are five key areas where it shines:

  1. Speed and Efficiency: AI and ML can swiftly sift through mountains of data, identifying potential threats in a fraction of the time it would take a human analyst. This allows for faster responses and remediation.
  2. Pattern Recognition: Through complex algorithms, AI/ML excels in detecting subtle patterns indicative of malicious activity. This capability can uncover hidden threats that might otherwise evade detection.
  3. Scalability: AI and ML platforms can efficiently manage vast data volumes, making them well-suited for large organizations with extensive networks.
  4. Continuous Learning: Unlike static rule-based systems, AI/ML learns from new data, continually refining its threat detection capabilities. This adaptability can make it increasingly effective over time.
  5. Automation: By automating routine tasks, AI and ML enables human threat hunters to concentrate on complex and strategic aspects of their work, enhancing overall productivity.

The Shortcomings of AI/ML in Threat Hunting

While the advantages of AI and ML are undeniable, reliance on these technologies without recognizing their limitations can be perilous. Here’s why AI and ML might fall short:

  1. Lack of Contextual Understanding: AI/ML might generate irrelevant or incorrect queries or detections due to an inability to fully grasp the context of a particular threat, tactic, or technique.
  2. Limited Training Data: The effectiveness of AI/ML is tethered to the quality and comprehensiveness of its training data. An absence of specific examples can lead to blind spots in threat detection.
  3. False Positives/Negatives: The risks of false alarms and missed threats can create additional work for analysts and leave vulnerabilities unaddressed.
  4. Lack of Adaptability: Without continuous retraining, AI/ML models may struggle to adapt to the ever-changing landscape of threats, tactics, and techniques.
  5. Dependence on Human Input: AI/ML is not a plug-and-play solution; it demands human expertise to define problems, process data, interpret results, and take action. This introduces potential for error and inconsistency.

A Balanced Approach with Cyborg Security’s HUNTER Platform

In recognizing the strengths and weaknesses of AI/ML in threat hunting, a balanced approach is essential. Cyborg Security’s HUNTER Platform provides a solution that leverages the best of both worlds. Unlike solutions dependent solely on AI/ML, HUNTER prioritizes human insights, reducing the risks of false positives/negatives and ensuring adaptability to new and emerging threats.

The platform invites you to experience threat hunting driven by human intelligence. Whether you are a seasoned threat hunter or just starting your journey, the free Community account offers you access to a world-class tool that complements AI/ML without falling prey to its limitations.


AI/ML presents both opportunities and challenges in the domain of threat hunting. By understanding its capabilities and constraints, organizations can harness the power of AI/ML while mitigating its shortcomings. Tools like Cyborg Security’s HUNTER Platform, grounded in human intelligence, offer a nuanced and effective approach to threat hunting in the AI era. Why not give it a try and see the difference that a human touch can make? Sign up for a free Community account and join the revolution in threat hunting.

Join our newsletter

Follow Us

Discover More!